Impact of Wine on Cholestrol PDF Print E-mail

J Agric Food Chem. 2011 May 18. [Epub ahead of print]
Red and White Wines Inhibit Cholesterol Oxidation Induced by Free Radicals.
Tian L, Wang H, Abdallah AM, Prinyawiwatkul W, Xu Z.
College of Enology, Northwest A&F University , Shaanxi, Yangling 712100, China.
The capabilities of two red (RW) and two white wines (WW) in inhibiting cholesterol oxidation were evaluated using a cholesterol emulsion (CE) system. Each RW or WW was mixed with CE at different (v/v) ratios. Cholesterol oxidation was accelerated by a free radical generator, 2,2'-azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (AAPH), at 37 °C. The major oxidation product, 7-ketocholesterol, was monitored to determine cholesterol stability in the CE system. At a ratio of 1:250 (RW/CE), 7-ketocholesterol production was not detected during 72 h of oxidation. At a 1:1000 ratio, the inhibition rate of each RW was maintained at 100% at 24 h but decreased afterward. Both WWs had 100% inhibition rate within 48 h at a ratio of 1:10. Also, the capabilities of catechin and resveratrol solutions (1 mg/mL) in inhibiting cholesterol oxidation were studied. Each of the wine polyphenolics showed a 100% of 7-ketocholesterol inhibition rate in 24 h at a ratio of 1:500 (solution/CE). However, the inhibition rate of resveratrol was lower than that of catechin at 48 or 72 h. The results demonstrated that red wine possesses great anti-cholesterol-oxidation capability, which may contribute to health benefits in preventing cardiovascular diseases. Catechin may play a more important role than resveratrol in inhibiting cholesterol oxidation.
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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